Notes to the CHAPTER 22

BEVERAGES, SPIRITS AND VINEGAR

 

Notes

  • 1. This chapter does not cover:
    • (a) products of this chapter (other than those of heading 2209) prepared for culinary purposes and thereby rendered unsuitable for consumption as beverages (generally, heading 2103);
    • (b) sea water (heading 2501);
    • (c) distilled or conductivity water or water of similar purity (heading 2853);
    • (d) acetic acid of a concentration exceeding 10 % by weight of acetic acid (heading 2915);
    • (e) medicaments of heading 3003 or 3004; or
    • (f) perfumery or toilet preparations (Chapter 33).
  • 2. For the purposes of this chapter and of Chapters 20 and 21, the alcoholic strength by volume shall be determined at a temperature of 20 °C.
  • 3. For the purposes of heading 2202, the term "non-alcoholic beverages" means beverages of an alcoholic strength by volume not exceeding 0,5 % vol. Alcoholic beverages are classified in headings 2203 to 2206 or heading 2208 as appropriate.

Subheading note

  • 1. For the purposes of subheading 220410, the expression "sparkling wine" means wine which, when kept at a temperature of 20 °C in closed containers, has an excess pressure of not less than 3 bar.

Additional notes

  • 1. Subheading 22021000 covers waters, including mineral waters and aerated waters, containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavoured, providing they are for direct consumption as a beverage.
  • 2. For the purposes of headings 2204 and 2205 and subheading 22060010:
    • (a) "actual alcoholic strength by volume" means the number of volumes of pure alcohol contained at a temperature of 20 °C in 100 volumes of the product at that temperature;
    • (b) "potential alcoholic strength by volume" means the number of volumes of pure alcohol at a temperature of 20 °C capable of being produced by total fermentation of the sugars contained in 100 volumes of the product at that temperature;
    • (c) "total alcoholic strength by volume" means the sum of the actual and potential alcoholic strengths;
    • (d) "natural alcoholic strength by volume" means the total alcoholic strength by volume of a product before any enrichment;
    • (e) "% vol" is the symbol for alcoholic strength by volume.
  • 3. For the purposes of subheading 22043010, "grape must in fermentation" means the product derived from the fermentation of grape must, having an actual alcoholic strength by volume of more than 1 % vol and less than three-fifths of its total alcoholic strength by volume.
  • 4. For the purposes of subheadings 220421, 220422 and 220429:
    • A. "total dry extract" means the content in grams per litre of all the substances in a product which, under given physical conditions, do not volatilise. The total dry extract must be determined with the densimeter at 20 °C;
    • B.
      • (a) the presence in the products of subheadings 22042111 to 22042198 , 22042222 to 22042298 and 22042922 to 22042998 of the quantities of total dry extract per litre indicated in 1, 2, 3 and 4 below does not affect their classification: Products with a total dry extract exceeding the maximum quantity shown above in each category are to be classified in the next following category, except that if the total dry extract exceeds 330 g/l the products are to be classified in subheadings 22042198 , 22042298 and 22042998;
        • 1. products of an actual alcoholic strength by volume of not more than 13 % vol: 90 g or less of total extract per litre;
        • 2. products of an actual alcoholic strength by volume of more than 13 % vol but not more than 15 % vol: 130 g or less of total dry extract per litre;
        • 3. products of an actual alcoholic strength by volume of more than 15 % vol but not more than 18 % vol: 130 g or less of total dry extract per litre;
        • 4. products of an actual alcoholic strength by volume of more than 18 % vol but not more than 22 % vol: 330 g or less of total dry extract per litre.
      • (b) the above rules do not apply to products of subheadings 22042123 and 22042233.
  • 5. Subheadings 22042111 to 22042198, 22042222 to 22042298 and 22042922 to 22042998 shall be taken to include:
    • (a) grape must with fermentation arrested by the addition of alcohol, that is to say, a product:
      • - having an actual alcoholic strength by volume of not less than 12 % vol but less than 15 % vol, and
      • - obtained by the addition to unfermented grape must having a natural alcoholic strength by volume of not less than 8,5 % vol of a product derived from the distillation of wine;
    • (b) wine fortified for distillation, that is to say, a product:
      • - having an actual alcoholic strength by volume of not less than 18 % vol but not more than 24 % vol,
      • - obtained exclusively by the addition to wine containing no residual sugar of an unrectified product derived from the distillation of wine and having a maximum actual alcoholic strength by volume of 86 % vol, and
      • - having a maximum volatile acidity of 1,5 g/l, expressed as acetic acid;
    • (c) liqueur wine, that is to say, a product: However, certain liqueur wines with a designation of origin or with a geographical indication appearing on the list set out in Regulation (EC) No 607/2009 may be obtained from unfermented fresh grape must which does not need to have a minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of 12 % vol.
      • - having a total alcoholic strength by volume of not less than 17,5 % vol and an actual alcoholic strength by volume of not less than 15 % vol but not more than 22 % vol, and
      • - obtained from grape must or wine, which must come from vine varieties approved in the third country of origin for the production of liqueur wine and have a minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of 12 % vol,
        • - by freezing, or
        • - by the addition during or after fermentation:
          • - of a product derived from the distillation of wine, or
          • - of concentrated grape must or, in the case of certain liqueur wines with a designation of origin or with a geographical indication appearing on the list set out in Regulation (EC) No 607/2009 (OJ L 193, 24.7.2009, p. 60) and for which such practice is traditional, of grape must concentrated by direct heat, which, apart from this operation, corresponds to the definition of concentrated grape must, or
          • - of a mixture of these products.
  • 6. For the purposes of subheadings 220410, 220421, 220422 and 220429:
    • (a) "wines with a protected designation of origin (PDO)" and "wines with a protected geographical indication (PGI)" are wines which comply with the provisions of Articles 93 to 108 of Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 671) and the provisions adopted in implementation of the aforesaid Regulation and defined in national regulations;
    • (b) "varietal wines" are wines which comply with the provisions of Article 120 of Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and the provisions adopted in implementation of the aforesaid Regulation and defined in national regulations;
    • (c) "wines produced in the European Union" are wines which comply with the provisions of Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Article 55 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 607/2009.
  • 7. For the purposes of subheadings 22043092 and 22043096, "concentrated grape must" means grape must for which the figure indicated by a refractometer (used in accordance with the method prescribed in the "Compendium of International Methods of Analysis of Wines and Musts" of the International Organisation of Vine and Wine, as published in the "C" series of the Official Journal) at a temperature of 20 °C is not less than 50,9 %.
  • 8. Only vermouth and other wine of fresh grapes flavoured with plants or aromatic substances having an actual alcoholic strength by volume of not less than 7 % vol shall be regarded as products of heading 2205.
  • 9. For the purposes of subheading 22060010, the expression "piquette" means the product obtained by the fermentation of untreated grape marc macerated in water or by the extraction of fermented grape marc with water.
  • 10. For the purposes of subheadings 22060031 and 22060039, the following are regarded as "sparkling":
    • - fermented beverages in bottles with "mushroom" stoppers held in place by ties or fastenings,
    • - fermented beverages otherwise put up, with an excess pressure of 3 bar or more, measured at a temperature of 20 °C.
  • 11. For the purposes of subheadings 22090011 and 22090019, the expression "wine vinegar" means vinegar obtained exclusively by acetous fermentation of wine and having a total acidity of not less than 60 g/l, expressed as acetic acid.
  • 12. Subheading 220720 covers mixtures of ethyl alcohol used as raw material to produce fuels for motor vehicles, of an alcoholic strength by volume of 50 % or higher and denatured with one or more of the following substances: The denaturants referred to in points (e) and (f) of the first paragraph must be used in combination with at least one of the denaturants listed in points (a) to (d) of the first paragraph.
    • (a) automotive petrol (conforming to EN 228);
    • (b) tert -butyl ethyl ether (ethyl tert -butylether, ETBE);
    • (c) methyl tert -butylether (MTBE);
    • (d) 2-methylpropan-2-ol (tert -butyl alcohol, tertiary butyl alcohol, TBA);
    • (e) 2-methylpropan-1-ol (2-methyl-1-propanol, isobutanol);
    • (f) propan-2-ol (isopropyl alcohol, 2-propanol, isopropanol).
  • 13. For the purposes of subheadings 22029911 and 22029915, the protein content shall be determined by multiplying the total nitrogen content, calculated using the method laid down in points 2 to 8 of part C of Annex III to Commission Regulation (EC) No 152/2009, by the factor of 6,25.