UN - Data editing terminology
Data correction performed by the computer without human intervention. It makes particular use of redundancy. Exclusion (elimination) of incorrect records or substitution of a record or its part by data from other records or the correction base. Auto-correction is generally done according to rules that assure the final (corrected) record fails no edits.
Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UNECE), The Knowledge Base on Statistical Data Editing, Online glossary developed by the UNECE Data Editing Group, 2000