Definition: Fallow land
All arable land included in the crop rotation system, whether worked or not, but with no intention to produce a harvest for the duration of a crop year (Regulation 1200/2009).
All arable land either included in the crop rotation system or maintained in good agricultural and environmental condition (GAEC), whether worked or not, but with no intention to produce a harvest for the duration of a crop year (Regulation 2015/1391).
The essential characteristic of fallow land is that it is left to recover, normally for the whole of a crop year.
Fallow land may be:
1. bare land bearing no crops at all;
2. land with spontaneous natural growth, which may be used as feed or ploughed in;
3. land sown exclusively for the production of green manure (green fallow).
European Union, Commission Regulation (EC) No 1200/2009 of 30 November 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1166/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on farm structure surveys and the survey on agricultural production methods, as regards livestock unit coefficients and definitions of the characteristics