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Definition: Geocoding

UN - Geographic Information Systems

(a) the process of assigning geographic codes to features in a digital database; (b) a GIS function that determines a point location based on a street address. See also "Address matching".
United Nations, "Handbook on Geospatial Infrastructure in Support of Census Activities", Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistics Division, Studies in Methods, Series F No. 103, New York, 2009