Definition: Peer review

Quality, Evaluation, Assessments; Peer reviews

A special kind of external audit, carried out by an organisation for another organisation of a similar status (i.e. by a peer organisation), for instance a National Statistical Institute (NSI) is reviewed by another NSI. In general, it is less formal than an audit. It aims rather at assessing the general quality than at controlling the conformity with an external quality standard.
Source:
Eurostat, "Handbook on Data Quality Assessment Methods and Tools (DatQAM)", Eurostat-granted project led by FSO Germany with project members: Statistics Sweden, Hungarian Central Statistical Office, State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, National Statistical Institute of Portugal, and Statistics Norway, 2007
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