Definition: Government sector
The Government sector consists of the following groups of resident institutional units:
- all units of central (federal), regional (state) or local (municipal) government, including social security funds, except those units that provide higher education services or fit the description of higher education institutions provided in this manual.
- all non-market NPIs that are controlled by government units that are not part of the Higher education sector.
The sector does not include public corporations, even when all the equity of such corporations is owned by government units. Public enterprises are included in the Business enterprise sector. (Frascati Manual 2015)
All departments, offices and other bodies which furnish but normally do not sell to the community those common services, other than higher education, which cannot otherwise be conveniently and economically provided and administer the state and the economic and social policy of the community. The Government sector includes the NPIs controlled and mainly financed by government. Public enterprises are included in the business enterprise sector. (Frascati Manual 2002)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), "Frascati Manual 2015: The Measurement of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Activities - Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development", Paris, 2015