Definition: Foreign direct investment (FDI)

Frascati Manual

Foreign direct investment (FDI) reflects the objective of obtaining a lasting interest by a resident enterprise in one economy (a multinational enterprise (MNE) parent or "direct investor") in an enterprise resident in another economy (a foreign affiliate or "direct investment enterprise").
Source:
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), "Frascati Manual 2015: The Measurement of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Activities - Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development", Paris, 2015
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