Definition: Manufacturing start-up and preproduction development

Frascati Manual

Manufacturing start-up and preproduction development may include product or process modifications, retraining personnel in the new techniques or in the use of the new machinery, and trial production if it implies further design and engineering.
Source:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), "Main Definitions and Conventions for the Measurement of Research and Experimental Development (R&D). A Summary of the Frascati Manual 1993", OECD, Paris, 1994, p. 5
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