Forest stands established by planting or/and seeding in the process of afforestation or reforestation. They are either:
- of introduced species (all planted stands), or
- intensively managed stands of indigenous species which meet all the following criteria: one or two species at plantation, even age class, regular spacing. Excludes: Stands which were established as plantations but which have been without intensive management for a significant period of time. These should be considered semi-natural.
Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UNECE)/ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Terms and Definitions, "Temperate and Boreal Forest Resources Assessment 2000", United Nations, July 1997