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Definition: Production start-up as part of TPP innovation activity

R & D - Oslo Manual

Production start-up include product and process modifications, retraining personnel in the new techniques or in the use of the new machinery, and any trial production not already included in R&D.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat), "The measurement of scientific and technological activities: proposed guidelines for collecting and interpreting technological innovation data: Oslo manual)", Paris, 1997, p. 60