Definition: Public undertaking
Any undertaking over which the public authorities may exercise directly or indirectly a dominant influence by virtue of their ownership of it, their financial participation therein, or the rules which govern it.
A dominant influence on the part of the public authorities shall be presumed when these authorities, directly or indirectly in relation to an undertaking:
a) hold the major part of the undertaking's subscribed capital ; or
b) control the majority of the votes attaching to shares issued by the undertakings ; or
c) can appoint more than half of the members of the undertaking's administrative, managerial or supervisory body.
European Union, Commission Directive 80/723/EEC of 25 June 1980 on the transparency of financial relations between Member States and public undertakings