Definition: Software as a part of TPP innovation activity
R & D - Oslo Manual
The development, acquisition, adaptation and use of software pervade TPP innovation activities. On the one hand, developing new or substantially improved software, either as a commercial product or for use as an in-house process (TPP innovation in its own right), involves research and experimental development and a range of post-R&D innovation activities. On the other, many of the innovation activities for other TPP innovations involve the use of software as a process and hence its acquisition and adaptation.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat), "The measurement of scientific and technological activities: proposed guidelines for collecting and interpreting technological innovation data: Oslo manual)", Paris, 1997, p. 61