Definition: Tooling-up and industrial engineering as part of the innovation process

R & D - Oslo Manual

Tooling-up and industrial engineering cover changes in production and quality control procedures, methods, and standards and associated software required to produce the technologically new or improved product or to use the technologically new or improved process.
Source:
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat), "The measurement of scientific and technological activities: proposed guidelines for collecting and interpreting technological innovation data: Oslo manual)", Paris, 1997, p. 59
Created:
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