Definition: Tourism activities supply

Category: Tourism

Some economic activities depend on tourism for their survival, e.g. tourist accommodation, travel agencies, long-distance passenger transport. Other activities such as restaurants and bars, car rental services, entertainment and attractions services also tend to rely strongly on tourism. The dependency of certain activities of enterprises on tourism may also depend on their location.
Thus the supply of tourism activities comprises diverse economic activities, and presented as a sector is very heterogeneous, encompassing different activities some of which are directly dependent on tourism and others only partly. In order to delimit which activities should be considered as supplying goods and services to tourism, the following approach  can be taken:
Total output of characteristic tourism producers
+ characteristic tourism output of non-tourism producers
- non-characteristic tourism output of characteristic tourism producers
With such an approach we distinguish between those activities  considered to be primary tourism suppliers (mainly) and those considered as secondary tourism suppliers (partly).
To delimit and define in more detail tourism activities, the WTO has drawn up the International Standard Classification of Tourism Activities: SICTA. This classification was adopted by the Statistical Division of the United Nations and is based on the revised International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC Rev. 3). SICTA remains at present a provisional classification. It attempts to distinguish between activities which receive their revenue primarily from tourism (labelled "T") and activities which have a partial relationship with tourism (labelled "P").
Appendix 9 of the Annex to the Council Recommendation on Tourism Statistics presents those activities which are linked to tourism, in accordance with NACE Rev. 1 and SICTA.
Eurostat, "Methodological manual on the design and implementation of surveys on inbound tourism", Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2000, Appendix A, Classification and Glossary