Definition: Training as a part of innovation activity
R & D - Oslo Manual
Training is a TPP innovation activity when it is required for the implementation of a technologically new or improved product or process, for example in order for production workers to be able to identify the desired consistency of a new type of yoghurt in a food factory, for a marketing manager to understand the characteristics of the improved braking system on a new model of car in order to prepare the market launch, or for staff to be able to use different Windows programs after the introduction of a Windows-based PC network in the firm.
Training in a firm is not a TPP innovation activity when it is undertaken solely in connection with "organisational innovation" or "other creative product improvement", or when it is not oriented towards a specific improvement in productivity at the level of the firm. For example, the following are not TPP innovation activities: training in existing production methods for new employees, general upgrading training for individuals (supervisors, managers, etc.), ongoing computer training, language classes.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat), "The measurement of scientific and technological activities: proposed guidelines for collecting and interpreting technological innovation data: Oslo manual)", Paris, 1997, p. 61