Definition: Community road accident database
The Community road accident database (CARE) is a Community database on road accidents resulting in death or injury. The purpose of CARE is to provide a powerful tool which would make it possible to identify and quantify road safety problems throughout the European roads, evaluate the eﬃ ciency of road safety measures, determine the relevance of Community actions and facilitate the exchange of experience in this ﬁeld.
Since 1984 a large number of measures to reduce road accidents have been taken at the Community level. Along with these measures, the Council decided on 30 November 1993 to create a Community database on road accidents (Council Decision 93/704/EC, OJ L 329, 30.12.1993, pp. 63–65). It was commonly agreed that such a database at the Community level would make it possible to identify and quantify road safety problems, evaluate the eﬃciency of road safety measures, determine the relevance of Community actions and facilitate the exchange of experience in this ﬁ eld.
Instead of entering into a lengthy process of deﬁning and adopting a new standardised structure and recognising that this would require considerable changes for the national administrations (such as the harmonisation of accident reports, deﬁnitions and collection methodologies) it has been decided that the national data sets should be integrated into the CARE database in their original national structure and deﬁnitions, with conﬁdential data blanked out.
Subsequently, the Commission provided a framework of transformation rules so that CARE provides compatible data. The process of improving "homogenisation" of accident data within CARE and the process of developing it are under way.
Eurostat, "Measuring progress towards a more sustainable Europe. Sustainable development indicators for the European Union. Data 1990-2005", Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2005