Definition: Greenfield investment
Foreign direct investment
As opposed to greenfield investments, where investment is made in building up a new facility, mergers and acquisitions (M&As) involve a change of assets, representing an on-going concern, from domestic to foreign hands. The investor acquires part or all, or merges with an existing foreign direct investment (FDI) firm. The latter may be privately or State owned as privatisations involving foreign investors count as cross-border M&As and entail a change in the control of the merged or acquired firm. In the case of a cross-border merger, the assets and operations of two firms belonging to two different countries are combined to establish a new legal entity.
Eurostat, "European Union foreign direct investment yearbook 2007 - Data 2001 - 2005", Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2007