Definition: Recovery (of waste)
Recovery is defined as any waste management operation that diverts a waste material from the waste stream and which results in a certain product with a potential economic or ecological benefit. Recovery mainly refers to the following operations:
- material recovery, i.e. recycling (see below);
- energy recovery, i.e. re-use a fuel;
- biological recovery, e.g. composting;
Direct recycling or reuse within industrial plants at the place of generation is excluded.
Joint OECD/Eurostat Questionnaire 2002 on the State of the Environment, section on Waste