Abbreviations (1/12) - Grouped by first letter "r"

50 Abbreviations Grouped by first letter "r": R-U map, R&D and the innovation process, R&D coefficients, ...

A graphical representation of the trade off between disclosure risk and data utility.
Scientific and technological innovation may be considered as the transformation of an idea into a new or improved product introduced on the market, into a ...

Tool for calculating / estimating the shares of personnel and expenditure data attributable to R&D.
Expenditures on R&D for a statistical unit can be measured in three complementary ways: intramural expenditures, extramural expenditures and by sources of ...
R&D expenditure by sources of funds describes the origin of the R&D funding for a statistical unit. These transfers of R&D funds are measured in two ways:
- ...
R&D intensity represents the R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP.

All persons engaged directly in R&D, whether employed by the statistical unit or external contributors fully integrated into the statistical unit's R&D ...
Coefficient of determination. It provides a measure of how well observed outcomes are replicated by the model, as the proportion of total variation of ...
Radiometric resolution refers to the dynamic range, or the number of different output levels used to record the radiant energy for a single measurement. The ...
The distance from the centre of a circle to its outer edge.
The profile through which a rail vehicle and its loads (wagons - ITUs) must pass, taking into account tunnels and track-side obstacles.
There are 4 basic ...
Any person, excluding members of the train crew, who makes a journey by rail. This definition is identical in the third and fourth version of the Transport ...
A passenger alighting from a railway vehicle after having been conveyed by it. This definition is identical in the third and fourth version of the Transport ...
Passenger who boards a railway vehicle to be conveyed by it. This definition is identical in the third and fourth version of the Transport Glossary.
The combination between the place of embarkation and the place of disembarkation of the passengers conveyed by rail whichever itinerary is followed on the ...
Unit of measurement representing the transport of one rail passenger by rail over a distance of one kilometre. This definition is identical in the third and ...
Railway transport through a country between two places (a place of loading/embarkation and a place of
unloading/disembarkation) outside that country. ...
Covers transport by train. A further subdivision between Passenger Rail Transport (code 220), Freight Rail Transport (code 221) and Other rail transport ...
Tractive railway vehicle with motor constructed for the conveyance of passengers or goods by rail. This definition is identical in the third and fourth ...
Non-tractive passenger railway vehicle coupled to one or more railcars. This definition is identical in the third and fourth version of the Transport ...
Line of communication made up by rail exclusively for the use of railway vehicles. Note: Line of communication is part of space equipped for the execution ...
Any private or public body acting mainly as a railway undertaking, an infrastructure manager or as an integrated company. Note: A body whose main business ...
Any wagon belonging to a railway body. Note: Excluded are privately-owned wagons.
Any private or public enterprise acting mainly as a railway transport operator, an infrastructure manager or as an integrated company.
Any wagon belonging to a railway enterprise.
Any movement of a railway vehicle from a specified point of origin to a specified point of destination. Note: A journey can be divided into a number of ...
Line of communication made up by rail exclusively for the use of railway vehicles.
All railways in a given area. This definition is identical in the third and fourth version of the Transport Glossary.
Specific railway line connecting two or more geographical reference points. Each segment has a start and an end, being a track crossing, a country border or ...
A railway establishment which is either open or not to the public, generally staffed and which is designed fo one or more of the following operations:
- ...
Any movement of a railway vehicle on lines operated. This definition is identical in the third and fourth version of the Transport Glossary.
Any movement of railway vehicles within a national territory irrespective of the country in which these vehicles are registered. This definition is ...
Any movement of goods and/or passengers using a railway vehicle on a given railway network. This definition is identical in the third and fourth version of ...
Any public or private transport operator which provides services for the transport of goods and/or passengers by rail.
Any public or private undertaking which provides services for the transport of goods and/or passengers by rail. Note: Included are all undertakings that ...
Mobile equipment running exclusively on rails, moving either under its own power (tractive vehicles) or hauled by another vehicle (coaches, railcar ...
Any movement of a railway vehicle from a specified point of origin to a specified point of destination. This definition is identical in the third and fourth ...
Substance or combination of substances which liberate gas and thereby increase the volume of a dough or a batter.
Eurostat's Metadata Server
Degree to which the error in the estimate spreads around zero.
A donor record is randomly selected for each recipient record (record with missing information). Usually selection is carried out after grouping units ...
See "Incidental or random learning"
This is a disclosure control method according to which a noise, in the form of a random value is added to the true value or, in the case of categorical ...
In order to reduce the amount of data loss that occurs with suppression, alternative methods have been investigated to protect sensitive cells in tables of ...
Any method of selecting a sample based on the theory of probability. At any stage of the process of selection the probability of any set of units being ...
Model formalization of a random path consisting of a succession of random steps.
Randomized response is a technique used to collect sensitive information from individuals in such a way that survey interviewers and those who process the ...
See: "Fitting"
The donor is chosen in such a way that some measure of distance among percentage points of the empirical distribution is minimized.
Rank swapping provides a way of using continuous variables to define pairs of records for swapping. Instead of insisting that variables match (agree ...

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