Definition: Research coefficients
Research coefficients are fractions or proportions applied to statistics describing the total resources of the higher education sector. They are derived in a number of ways, ranging from informed guesses to sophisticated models. Whatever the method used, they are a useful alternative to the more costly large-scale surveys of researchers and/or higher education institutions. The accuracy of the coefficients depends on the quality of the judgement applied to their calculation; the accuracy of the resultant estimates depends on the quality of the data to which they are applied and the detail available for both data and coefficients.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), "The Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities. Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys of Research and Experimental Development. Frascati Manual 1993", OECD, Paris, 1994, 1994, p.147