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Definition: Building

Population censuses - UNECE

A building is defined in this context as any independent structure containing one or more dwellings, rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed within external walls or dividing walls which extend from the foundations to the roof, whether designed for residential or for agricultural, commercial, industrial or cultural purposes or for the provision of services. Thus a building may be a detached dwelling, apartment building, factory, shop, warehouse, garage, barn, etc.
United Nations Statistical Commission and Economic Commission for Europe, “Recommendations for the 2000 censuses of population and housing in the ECE region”, Statistical Standards and Studies, New York and Geneva, 1998